The Chapter 49: Agricultural Performance Standards and Manure Management of the Dane County Code of Ordinances (PDF) addresses manure management and agricultural performance standards with a goal of protecting human health and safety as well as protecting surface water and groundwater resources. Chapter 49 replaces Subchapter 1 of Chapter 14 for manure management and is in effect as of July 1, 2019.
Land Conservation Division staff are available to provide planning assistance, technical services and evaluate funding opportunities for landowners looking to install conservation practices to address resource concerns on their land and meet the state agricultural performance standards and prohibitions. Contact our office to discuss your projects and ideas.
The tabs below highlight the major requirements under the ordinance and provide resources to help with compliance.
Chapter 49 incorporates Wisconsin’s state agricultural performance standards and prohibitions outlined in Chapter NR 151, Wisconsin Administrative Code. These are statewide standards that require all cropland and livestock operations meet to address water quality concerns. In some cases, cost-share assistance may be required to assist with the implementation of conservation practices to meet the performance standards and prohibitions.
No unlimited livestock access to waters of the state in locations where high concentrations of animals prevent the maintenance of adequate or self–sustaining vegetative cover.
Learn more in this factsheet (PDF).
These standards are also the basis for compliance with the Farmland Preservation Program, a tax credit program available to landowners who meet certain eligibility requirements and meet the performance standards and prohibitions. Though, cost-share funding is not required for Farmland Preservation Program participants since they receive funds annually through their taxes.
If building a new storage or modifying an existing storage, a permit is required prior to construction. Permits cover both construction, operation and maintenance through the designed life expectancy of the storage which is 20 years.
Learn more about manure storage facility permits in this factsheet (PDF).
A certificate of use is an authorization provided by the department that allows a producer to use an unpermitted manure storage facility or a facility with an expired permit. The certificate ensures the storage is being operated and maintained in accordance with the performance standards and prohibitions.
Learn more about manure storage certificate of use in this factsheet (PDF).
Manure storage facilities have been used for decades to store manure when conditions make it challenging to apply it to fields. These facilities may hold anywhere from a few days to many months worth of manure. Some manure storage facilities were constructed before technical standards and permits were required and some after. All facilities have a general life expectancy which can vary depending on the construction, operation, management and maintenance of the facility over time. Permits are required to close an existing manure storage facility to ensure it is done properly.
Nutrient management involves planning for the nutrients and soil amendments to grow crops in an economical and productive fashion while minimizing the risk of agricultural nonpoint source pollution to surface waters and groundwater resources.
A nutrient management plan is developed to help producers evaluate and implement:
A nutrient management plan includes information such as:
All producers who apply nutrients to cropland are required to have a nutrient management plan. The Snap Plus Nutrient Management Software, developed by the University of Wisconsin, is a free program available to aid in the development of a nutrient management plan.
Annual updates are due June 1st.
Chapter 49 requires producers who plan to spread solid or liquid manure during frozen or snow-covered conditions to obtain a winter spreading permit. The purpose of the winter spreading permit is to ensure that land applications of solid and liquid manure are done at the right time, place, and rate of application to reduce the risk of runoff. A winter spreading permit includes the following:
Learn more about winter spreading permits in this factsheet (PDF).